Select Page

Science News
from research organizations

Increasing vigorous exercise decreases risk of type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease in childhood

Date:
October 15, 2018
Source:
University of Eastern Finland
Summary:
Physical exercise can reduce the risk factors of type two diabetes and cardiovascular disease even in children, a new study shows. In a two-year follow-up of primary school children, sedentary behavior increased the accumulation of risk factors, whereas increasing the amount of vigorous exercise reduced it. This is one of the first follow-up studies to reliably demonstrate these associations in children.
Share:

FULL STORY

Physical exercise can reduce the risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease even in children, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. In a two-year follow-up of primary school children, sedentary behaviour increased the accumulation of risk factors, whereas increasing the amount of vigorous exercise reduced it. This is one of the first follow-up studies to reliably demonstrate these associations in children.

advertisement

The results are based on follow-up data from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study, ongoing at the University of Eastern Finland. Conducted in collaboration with scientists from the University of Cambridge, the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences and the University of Copenhagen, the findings of the study were published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.

The two-year follow-up study analysed associations of changes in the amount of vigorous, moderate and light exercise, as well as sedentary behaviour, with risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, such as body fat content, waist circumference, blood insulin and glucose levels, blood lipids and blood pressure. The amounts of vigorous, moderate and light exercise, as well as sedentary behaviour, were objectively measured using the Actiheart® device, which records heart rate and body movement. Children wore the Actiheart® device continuously for a minimum of four days, and the measurement period included weekdays and days of the weekend.

During the two-year follow-up, the overall risk and individual risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular reduced in children who increased their amount of vigorous exercise. In children whose sedentary behaviour increased, the risk increased as well. These changes were independent of gender, biological maturity and lean body mass, as well as of the levels of risk factors and physical activity measured at the beginning of the study. The study is highly significant, as it is one of the first follow-up studies in the world to reliably show that increasing the amount of vigorous exercise is independently associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in ordinary primary school children.

"A physically passive lifestyle is gradually becoming alarmingly widespread among children and young people almost all over the world. Our findings provide support for the role of physical activity in preventing common chronic diseases already in childhood," says Researcher Juuso Väistö, the first author of the article, from the University of Eastern Finland.

He points out that children and young people should engage in more physical exercise than what it takes to go about their daily activities.

"Our findings show that increasing the amount of vigorous exercise and reducing sedentary behaviour are equally important in preventing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. According to latest recommendations, children need diverse physical activity every day, and at least 60 minutes should be vigorous exercise. In practice, vigorous exercise refers to exercise or games that cause shortness of breath and perspiration."

Prevention of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are best begun already in childhood

The PANIC Study has earlier shown that the accumulation of risk factors of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which typically exists in people who are overweight, often begins already in childhood. This is a cause for concern, as the accumulation of risk factors in childhood significantly increases the risk of these diseases in adulthood. According to this newly published study, regular exercise and avoiding a physically passive lifestyle constitute efficient means of mitigating the risk factors type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

PANIC Study — a source of scientifically valuable data on children's health

The Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study is an on-going lifestyle intervention study. A total of 512 children aged 6 to 8 years participated in the onset measurements in 2007-2009. The study applies scientifically sound methods to extensively study the lifestyles, health and well-being of children. The study provides novel information on children's physical activity, sedentary behaviour, nutrition, physical fitness, body composition, metabolism, cardiovascular system function, brain function, oral health, life quality, effects of exercise and nutrition on children's health and well-being, and on the effects of these factors on health care costs.

advertisement

Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Eastern Finland. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference:

  1. J Väistö, E A Haapala, A Viitasalo, T M Schnurr, T O Kilpeläinen, P Karjalainen, K Westgate, H-M Lakka, D E Laaksonen, U Ekelund, S Brage, T A Lakka. Longitudinal associations of physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk factors in children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2018; DOI: 10.1111/sms.13315

Cite This Page:

University of Eastern Finland. "Increasing vigorous exercise decreases risk of type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease in childhood." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 October 2018. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181015100459.htm>.
University of Eastern Finland. (2018, October 15). Increasing vigorous exercise decreases risk of type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease in childhood. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 17, 2018 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181015100459.htm
University of Eastern Finland. "Increasing vigorous exercise decreases risk of type two diabetes, cardiovascular disease in childhood." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/10/181015100459.htm (accessed October 17, 2018).

advertisement

advertisement

RELATED STORIES

Kids Continue to Consume Too Much Salt, Putting Them at Risk

Nov. 3, 2016 — Cardiovascular disease, including heart disease and stroke, kills more than 800,000 Americans each year. We know that too much salt may contribute to high blood pressure and increased cardiovascular … read more

Lifestyle Habits Linked to Pain Conditions Already in Childhood

June 14, 2016 — Poor physical fitness and sedentary behavior are linked to increased pain conditions in children as young as 6–8 years old, according to a new study. The study analyzed the association of physical … read more

Little Exercise, Heavy Use of Electronic Media Constitute a Significant Health Risk for Children

May 20, 2014 — Low levels of physical activity combined with heavy use of electronic media and sedentary behavior are linked to an increased risk for type 2 diabetes and vascular diseases already in 6-8 year-old … read more

Dangers of … Sitting? Regardless of Exercise, Too Much Sedentary Time Is Linked to Major Disability After 60

Feb. 19, 2014 — If you're 60 and older, every additional hour a day you spend sitting is linked to doubling the risk of being disabled — regardless of how much exercise you get, reports a new study. The study is … read more

FROM AROUND THE WEB

Below are relevant articles that may interest you. ScienceDaily shares links with scholarly publications in the TrendMD network and earns revenue from third-party advertisers, where indicated.

Latest Health Articles by Science Daily

Visit our Hospitals Website

WhatsApp WhatsApp us