obstetrics and gynaecology
obstetrics and Gynaecology
The Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics at Amcare hospital supports women lifelong throughout their journey from child bearing age to menopause & beyond. We offer state-of-the-art technologies with supreme care offering a range of services such as pre-pregnancy, childbearing and menopausal care (Pre and Post). Against a backdrop of rapid developments, our department strives to provide our patients with the best care by keeping abreast of the fast changing panorama of women’s health. Our multidisciplinary team of experienced clinicians and specialist nurses ensure that all our patients’ needs are addressed, providing our patients and their families with the support they need during their period of illness and recovery.
Obstetrics mainly deals with taking care of pregnant women, unborn baby, labour, delivery as well as the immediate period following childbirth. An obstetrician guarantees that both mother and child get the best care and labour and delivery are accomplished without facing any complications. When a woman is pregnant, many complications can arise which may require various medical procedures. The obstetrician is trained for these and many other difficulties which arise during childbirth also. They ensure both mother and baby are safely taken through all the phases of pregnancy as well as childbirth. Whether it is a normal delivery or through a planned or emergency caesarean section, an obstetrics hospital and obstetrician are equipped to handle any variation that may arise during natural, but sometimes the complex course of childbirth.
Gynaecology deals with any condition related to the reproductive organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, vagina, and ovaries. It is a medical field associated with the science of reproduction system and involves different phases of a woman’s life like adolescence, reproduction, menopause and even beyond that. We at Amcare also treats problems related to the bowel, bladder and the urinary system.
Even though the majority of gynaecologists are also obstetricians, the field of gynaecology emphasises on all other aspects of a female’s reproductive health from the beginning of puberty through menopause and even beyond that.
Dilation and Curettage (D&C)
Dilation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure to remove tissue from inside your uterus. Doctors perform dilation and curettage to diagnose and treat certain uterine conditions — such as heavy bleeding — or to clear the uterine lining after a miscarriage or abortion.
In a dilation and curettage — sometimes spelled “dilatation” and curettage — your doctor uses small instruments or a medication to open (dilate) your cervix — the lower, narrow part of your uterus. Your doctor then uses a surgical instrument called a curette to remove uterine tissue. Curettes used in a D&C can be sharp or use suction.
Babies can enter this world in one of two ways: Pregnant women can have either a vaginal birth or a surgical delivery by Caesarean section, but the ultimate goal is to safely give birth to a healthy baby. In some cases, C-sections are planned because of medical reasons that make a vaginal birth risky.
MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. It also called induced abortion. It is the medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy. Any qualified gynecologist (MD/DGO) can perform MTP. Any MBBS Doctor, who has obtained training in MTP, is allowed to perform this procedure.
Preconceptional counselling is an important step before planning pregnancy for every couple.
Team at Amcare Hospital has an eminent gynaecologist offering tailored preconception counselling to the couples.
Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) Polycystic ovary disease is a poor term to cover a spectrum of ovulation problems. Other terms for PCOD are Stein-Leventhal Syndrome (although this is now rarely used) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), which is probably the best descriptor.
Early Pregnancy Evaluation
The specialist unit at Amcare Hospital, Zirakpur manages early pregnancy problems, such as vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain…etc.
Book an appointment with Gynae Consultant at Amcare today to have your evaluation done.
Abnormal Bleeding (Evl. & Mngt)
Ovulatory abnormal uterine bleeding, or menorrhagia, may be caused by thyroid dysfunction, coagulation defects (most commonly von Willebrand disease), endometrial polyps, and submucosal fibroids.
Menopause signals the end of a woman’s natural fertility of which her ovaries stop producing eggs. Make an appointment today with our gynaecologists to evaluate your problems & suitable treatment.
We at Amcare has an eminent team offering tailored preconception counselling to the couples.
IUI - Intrauterine insemination
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.
Labor induction — also known as inducing labor — is a procedure used to stimulate uterine contractions during pregnancy before labor begins on its own. Successful labor induction leads to a vaginal birth. A health care provider might recommend labor induction for various reasons, primarily when there’s concern for a mother’s health or a baby’s health.
Labor induction carries various risks, including infection and the need for a C-section. Sometimes the benefits of labor induction outweigh the risks, however. If you’re pregnant, understanding why and how labor induction is done can help you prepare.
Medical abortion is a procedure that uses various medications to end a pregnancy. A medical abortion is started either in a doctor’s office or at home with visits to your health care provider. Medical abortion doesn’t require anesthesia or surgery, but it can only be done early in pregnancy.
Pursuing a medical abortion is a major decision with emotional and psychological consequences. If you’re considering medical abortion, make sure you understand what the procedure entails, the side effects, and possible risks and complications.
Abdominal hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes your uterus through an incision in your lower abdomen. Your uterus — or womb — is where a baby grows if you’re pregnant. A partial hysterectomy removes just the uterus, and a total hysterectomy removes the uterus and the cervix.
Hysterectomy can also be performed through an incision in the vagina (vaginal hysterectomy) or by a laparoscopic or robotic surgical approach — which uses long, thin instruments passed through small abdominal incisions. Abdominal hysterectomy may be recommended over other types of hysterectomy if you have a large uterus or if your doctor wants to check other pelvic organs for signs of disease.
mniocentesis is a procedure in which amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus for testing or treatment. Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy. This fluid contains fetal cells and various chemicals produced by the baby.
Amniocentesis can be done for various reasons:
- With genetic amniocentesis, a sample of amniotic fluid is tested for certain conditions — such as Down syndrome and spina bifida.
- With maturity amniocentesis, a sample of amniotic fluid is tested to determine whether the baby’s lungs are mature enough for birth.
- Occasionally, amniocentesis is used to evaluate a baby for infection or other illness.
- Rarely, amniocentesis is used to decrease the volume of amniotic fluid.
A breast biopsy is a procedure to remove a small sample of breast tissue for laboratory testing. Breast biopsy is a way to evaluate a suspicious area in your breast to determine if it is breast cancer. There are several types of breast biopsy procedures. A breast biopsy provides a sample of tissue that doctors use to identify and diagnose abnormalities in the cells that make up breast lumps or other unusual breast changes. And the lab report from the breast biopsy can help determine whether you need additional surgery or other treatment.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast — or breast MRI — is a test used to detect breast cancer and other abnormalities in the breast. A breast MRI captures multiple images of your breast. Breast MRI images are combined, using a computer, to generate detailed pictures.
Breast MRI usually is performed after you have a biopsy that’s positive for cancer, and your doctor needs more information about the extent of the disease. In certain situations, such as for women with high risk of breast cancer, breast MRI may be used with mammograms as a screening tool for detecting breast cancer.
The cervical cap is a birth control (contraceptive) device that prevents sperm from entering the uterus. The cervical cap is a reusable, deep silicone cup that is inserted into the vagina and fits tightly over the cervix. The cervical cap is held in place by suction and has a strap to help with removal.
The cervical cap is effective at preventing pregnancy only when used with spermicide. Only one cervical cap — FemCap — has Food and Drug Administration approval in the U.S. It must be fitted and prescribed by a health care provider.
Cervical cerclage is a procedure in which sutures are used to close the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that opens to the vagina — during pregnancy to help prevent premature birth.
Cervical cerclage can be done through the vagina (transvaginal cervical cerclage) or through the abdomen (transabdominal cervical cerclage). Typically, the sutures are removed when a baby is considered full term — during week 37 of pregnancy. If necessary, the sutures can be removed earlier.
Colposcopy (kol-POS-kuh-pee) is a procedure to closely examine your cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of disease. During colposcopy, your doctor uses a special instrument called a colposcope.
Your doctor may recommend colposcopy if your Pap test has shown abnormal results. If your doctor finds an unusual area of cells during colposcopy, a sample of tissue can be collected for laboratory testing (biopsy).
Cordocentesis — also known as percutaneous umbilical blood sampling — is a highly specialized prenatal test in which a sample of the baby’s blood is removed from the umbilical cord for testing. Cordocentesis can be used to detect certain blood conditions and infections. Cordocentesis can also be used to deliver blood transfusions and medication to a baby through the umbilical cord.
Use of cordocentesis is decreasing, however, since newer forms of technology can sometimes provide the same information from tests that pose a smaller risk of miscarriage — such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling.
The diaphragm is a birth control (contraceptive) device that helps prevent sperm from entering the uterus. The diaphragm is a small, reusable rubber or silicone cup with a flexible rim that covers the cervix.
Before sex, the diaphragm is inserted deep into the vagina so that part of the rim fits snugly behind the pubic bone. The diaphragm is most effective at preventing pregnancy when used with spermicide.